WISDOMBAY

in4mation ... organized

Dos Commands VS Linux Commands

Done by Abdul Kareem.

First issue of a series on Getting some command line job done on both DOS & LINUX

Purpose of the Command

DOS

Linux

List all the files in the working directory

dir

ls

Copy files

copy

Ex:copy sourcefile  destination path

cp

 Ex:cp file.txt /home/directory

Move a file to another location or directory

move

Ex: move sourcefile  destination path

mv

Ex: mv file.txt /home/directory

Delete a file

del

Ex:del filename

rm

Ex: rm filename

Print an output message on the screen

echo

Ex: echo message

echo

Ex: echo message

Clear the screen

cls

clear

Show the memory details

(RAM usage)

mem

free

Switch to gui

win

Startx

Rename a file or directory

ren ,rename

Ex: ren  directory/path/file1 file2

mv

mv file.txt file2

Help about help

<command> /?

help /?

man <command>

man man

Displays the working directory

chdir

pwd

Displace the system date

date

date

Displace the system time

time

date

editor

edit

vim (or other editor)

To quit from the command prompt

exit

exit

Compares two or more file and displays the difference between them

fc

diff

Search for a string in a file

find

grep

grep word or phrase file.txt

Formats a diskette

Format

Ex: format a: (to format A:\ drive)

mke2fs or mformat

Ex: /sbin/mke2fs /dev/fd0 (/dev/fd0 is the Linux equivalent of A:)

Create a directory

mkdir or md

Ex: md directory

mkdir

Ex: mkdir directory

View  a file

more

more or even less

Displays or changes file attributes

attrib

chmod

 

Google